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Tuesday, November 9, 2021

Holocaust Boxers

The aim for this post is to be a reference point for those who wish to learn more about boxers victimized during the Holocaust. The intention is that this post will expand as new information becomes known.

The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum defines victims of the Shoah as: "Any persons, Jewish or non-Jewish, who were displaced, persecuted or discriminated against due to the racial, religious, ethnic, social and political policies of the Nazis and their collaborators between 1933 and 1945. In addition to former inmates of concentration camps, ghettos, and prisons, this definition includes, among others, people who were refugees or were in hiding." This broad definition will be used for this post.

Jewish Boxers
Lazzaro Anticoli
Salamo Arouch
Heinie Buchbaum
Herman Buchbaum
Max Buchbaum
Willi Besmanoff
Benny Bluhm
Ben Bril
Moise Bouquillon
Theo Bouquillon
Francesco "Kid Francis" Buonaugurio
Robert Cohen
Harry de Wolf
Pacifico Di Consiglio
Joop Cosman
Leone Efrati
Harry Haft
Shmuel "Samuel" Kenigswein
Sim Kessel
Jonas Kessler
Noah Klieger
David Kropveld
Sam Lewko
Lina Lisauer
Gunter Loewinski
Imre Mandi
Adam Paluch
Benjamin "Kid" Perez
Victor "Young" Perez
Jacko Razon
Abraham Rosenberg
Szepsl Rotholc
Harry "Kid" Ruckenstein
Bram Sanders
Leen Sanders
Meijer Sanders
Salem Schott
Eric Seelig
Nathan Shapow
Norman Shneidman
Klaus Silber
Seigfried "Siggie Lander" Stadtlander
Harry Stein
Settimio "Terry" Terracina
Juda van der Velde
Leo Vogelfang
Sander Waterman
Lard Zilverberg
Leo Zurel

Polish Boxers
Antoni Czortek
Zygmunt Małecki
Tadeusz Pietrzykowski
Andrzej Rablin
Kazimierz Szelest

Romani Boxers
Johann Trollmann

Communist Boxers
Erwin Volkmar

Holocaust Fighters By Jeffrey Sussman
Harry Haft By Alan Scott Haft
The Boxer's Story By Nathan Shapow with Bob Harris
Johann Trollmann and Romani Resistance to the Nazis By Jud Nirenberg
The Boxing Medal By N. Schneidman
Hanged in Auschwitz By Sam Kessel
K.O. Auschwitz By José Ignacio Pérez  (in Spanish)
Quatre boules de cuir ou l’étrange destin de Young Perez, champion du monde de boxe By André Nahum (in French)
Duello nel ghetto By Amedeo Guerrazzi Osti and Maurizio Molinari (in Italian)
The Fighter of Auschwitz By Erik Brouwer
Deutscher Meister By Stephanie Bart (in German)

The Survivor (2021)
The Champion

Journalistic Articles
Abram, Len. "Boxing for Time." Boxing Over Broadway.
David, Ariel "A Real-life Inglorious Basterd: The Jewish Boxer Who Battled Nazis." Haaretz.
de Klein, Dirk. "Behind the Star." History of Sorts.
Ganor, Tomer. "The Jewish boxing champ killed in Auschwitz." YNetNews.
Jakubek, Anna Maria. "Champion of Auschwitz." The Times of Israel.
Kentish, Portia. "The Boxer of Auschwitz." Emerging Europe.
Newland, Christina. "Gypsy in the Ring." Vice.
"Norman Schneidman"
Piattelli, Ariana. "Addio ad Ada Di Segni." La Stampa (in Italian).
Smith, Martin. "Rukeli 'Johan' Trollman." Dream Deferred.
Starkman, Harvey. "The Final Victory of Leone Efrati." The Hamilton Spectator.
Van Thyne, Nico. "The Boxer Leen Sanders... My Dad's Hero." Once a Knight...
"Veteran Jewish Boxing Champions in Israel." The Palestine Post.
"In Love and Auschwitz." Sydney Jewish Museum.

Academic Articles
Finder, Gabriel N. "The Politics of Retribution in Post-War Warsaw" in Warsaw: the Jewish Metropolis
Levis Sullam, Simon. "Uncovering the Italian Muscle Jew." Quest. October, 2017.
Paluch, Adam. "The Story of Adam Paluch." in Out of Chaos: Hidden Children Remember the Holocaust
Paulsson, Gunnar S. "The Hidden Jews of Warsaw." in How Was It Possible?: A Holocaust Reader.

The Jewish Boxing Blog Articles


If you have relevant information (particularly names of boxers) please email me (link near the top of the site) or post a comment below. Comments will be moderated and likely deleted after reviewed.

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